Timeline of the War of 1812

DATEEVENT
1809
March 4President James Madison inaugurated
1811
November 4War Congress convenes
November 7Battle of Tippecanoe
1812
June 18United States declares war on Great Britain
June–August Baltimore Riots
July 1United States doubles Customs Duties
July 7Attack at Fort Wayne
July 12General William Hull enters Canada
July 17Fort Michilimackinac surrenders to the British
August 15Fort Dearborn massacre
August 16General William Hull surrenders to General Isaac Brock at Detroit
August 19The Constitution defeats HMS Guerrière
September 3Pigeon Roost Massacre
September 4-5Siege of Fort Wm H. Harrison (now Terra Haute, IN)
September 5-12Siege of Fort Wayne
September 19Battle at Eel River
October 13General Isaac Brock is killed at the Battle of Queenston Heights
October 18The Wasp defeats HMS Frolic
October 18The Wasp captured by HMS Poictiers
October 25The United States defeats HMS Macedonian
NovemberMadison wins reelection
NovemberBritish blockade South Carolina and Georgia
November 22Spur’s Defeat
November 23Americans retreat from eastern Canada
November 27Americans attack outlying positions at Fort Erie
December 3William Eustis resigns as Secretary of War
December 17-18Battle of Mississinewa
December 26Great Britain proclaims blockade of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays
December 29The Constitution defeats HMS Java
December 29Paul Hamilton resigns as Secretary of the Navy
December 29The Constitution defeats HMS Java
December 29Paul Hamilton resigns as Secretary of the Navy
1813
Dec 3 to Feb 5, 1813Monroe serves as Secretary of War
AprilBattle of Tipton’s Island
January 12William Jones assumes his duties as Secretary of the Navy
January 22Battle of Frenchtown
January 23River Raisin massacre
February 5John Armstrong becomes Secretary of War
February 24The Hornet defeats HMS Peacock
MarchCaptain David Porter of the Essex rounds Cape Horn and sails into the Pacific to prey upon British whaling ships
March 27Oliver Hazard Perry arrives at Presque Isle, Pennsylvania, to assume responsibility for constructing a fleet on Lake Erie
March to December British naval forces raid in the Chesapeake Bay area
March 30British blockade extended from Long Island to the Mississippi
April 15Americans occupy part of west Florida
April 15Wilkinson occupies Mobile
April 27Americans capture York (Toronto)
May 3British burn Havre de Grace
May 1-5Siege of Fort Meigs
May 26British blockade additional middle and southern states
May 27Americans capture Fort George
May 29British forces repulsed at Sackett’s Harbor
June 1HMS Shannon defeats the Chesapeake
June 6Detachment of Americans defeated at Stoney Creek
June 22Battle of Norfolk
June 24Battle of Beaver Dams
June 25British attack Hampton
July 27Battle of Burnt Corn
August 1Major Croghan successfully defends Fort Stephenson against British attack
August 2Battle of Fort Stephenson
August 4Admiral Perry gets his fleet over the bar at Presque Isle and into Lake Erie
August 30Fort Mims massacre
September 10Battle of Lake Erie
September 27Harrison lands in Canada
October 5Battle of the Thames
October 16-19Battle of Leipzig
October 25-26Battle of Chateauguay
November 3Battle of Tallushatchee
November 4Great Britain offers United States direct peace negotiations
November 9Battle of Talladega
November 11Battle of Chrysler’s Farm
November 16British extend blockade to all middle and southern states
December 10Fort George evacuated and Newark burned by Americans
December 17United States adopts embargo
December 18Fort Niagara occupied by British
December 19-31Lewiston, Fort Schlosser, Black Rock, and Buffalo destroyed by the British
1814
January 22Battle of Emuckfau
January 24Battle of Enotachopco
March 27-28Battle of Horseshoe Bend
March 28HMS Phoebe and HMS Cherub defeat the Essex
April 11Napoleon abdicates French throne
April 14United States repeals Embargo and Nonimportation Law
April 20HMS Orpheus defeats the Frolic
April 25–May 30British extend blockade to New England,
April 29The Peacock defeats HMS Epervier
June 28The Wasp II defeats HMS Reindeer
July–September British occupy eastern Maine
July 3Americans capture Fort Erie
July 5Battle of Chippewa
July 25Battle of Lundy’s Lane
August United States public credit collapses
August U.S banks suspend specie payments
August 8Peace negotiations begin in Ghent
August 8Great Britain outlines initial peace terms
August 9The Creeks sign a treaty at Fort Jackson ceding much of their land
August 13-September 21Siege of Fort Erie
August 14British occupy Pensacola
August 15Battle of Fort Erie
August 19British land near Benedict, Maryland
August 24Battle of Bladensburg
August 24-25British burn Washington
August 28British capture Alexandria Virginia
August 28Nantucket declares Neutrality
End of August General George Prevost moves south toward Plattsburg
September 4Armstrong resigns and Monroe takes over as Secretary of War
September 11Battle of Plattsbugh
September 11Battle of Lake Champlain
Middle of SeptemberPrevost retreats to Canada
September 12-16British repulsed at Mobile
September13-14British bombard Fort McHenry, near Baltimore
September 14Battle of North Point, near Baltimore
September 14British abandon attempt to take Baltimore
September 15Francis Scott Key writes the Star Spangled Banner
September 17Americans sortie from Fort Erie
September 26British squadron captures General Armstrong
October 21Great Britain offers peace on basis of uti possidetis
November 5Americans evacuate Fort Erie
November 7Jackson seizes Pensacola
November 11Jackson returns to Mobile
November 22Jackson leaves for New Orleans
November 25British fleet sails from Jamaica for New Orleans
November 27Great Britain drops the uti possidetis
December 14British overwhelm American gunboats on Lake Borgne
December 15–January 5Hartford Convention
Dec 15–Feb 27, 1815United States adopts additional internal taxes
December 19The Battle of Orleans, Massachusetts
December 23British land their troops below New Orleans
December 23General Andrew Jackson attacks in a surprise night battle
December 23 – January 1Preliminary battles around New Orleans
December 24Peace of Ghent signed
December 28United States rejects conscription proposal
1815
January 8Americans defeat British in the Battle of New Orleans
January 11Point Peter, Georgia
February 4United States adopts second enemy trade law
February 10 – 11Mobile Point, Fort Bowler (later Fort Morgan)
February 17United States rejects National Bank proposal
February 17Ratifications of the Peace Treaty exchanged and President Madison declares the war at an end